A few days ago, the US Senate Intelligence Committee called top managers of Facebook, Twitter and Google
to testify in relation to the use of their networks by foreign entities. "Are you aware of the massive use of your platforms by Russian agents in order to influence the general elections in France
, in Germany, and now in the attempt to separate Catalonia from Spain?" The senators were referring to the recent massive spread of biased news and false pictures on social networks: Articles sent by media outlets such as RT and Sputnik, and subsequently forwarded by thousands of automated accounts and by influencers like Julian Assange
, as well as by associates of the Chavist Venezuelan movement. And while such online manipulation came to compare Spain’s political system with Franco’s regime, Vladimir Putin sent out a more diplomatic public message, although finally spiced up by the Balkan comparison: "You should have thought about it twice before supporting Kosovo
," he said in reference to "the big brother
" – the US - and the great majority of European nations, and thus portraying the West as his direct antagonist.